A pesticide is any substance or mixture of substances to prevent, destroy, repel or mitigate any pest. Pests can be insects, mice and other animals, weeds, fungi, or microorganisms like bacteria and viruses. Pesticides include herbicides, fungicides and various other substances used to control pests. EPA has a pesticide website, https://www.epa.gov/pesticides, that defines pesticides in more detail. The University of Nebraska's pesticide website, http://pested.unl.edu/, has additional background information.
Pesticides are useful because they can kill potential disease-causing organisms and control insects, weeds and other pests, but can pose risks to human health and the environment.
Pesticides have long been an important factor in Florida's agricultural productivity and in protecting public health. At the same time, because of their inherent toxic properties, a number of pesticides can pose risks to human health and the environment. Throughout the years, many pesticides have been banned, canceled or suspended by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) because of their potential risk to human health. Some of these include DDT, lead arsenate, chlordane, toxaphene and parathion. More are likely to be canceled as EPA reviews new data that is being submitted for older chemicals. Farmers, golf course operators and pest control personnel may still have these canceled and suspended products in storage as they await the availability of affordable disposal options. However, long-term storage of these pesticides can pose unnecessary risks to employees, surrounding communities, and the environment, especially through ground and surface water contamination. The EPA pesticide website at http://www.epa.gov/pesticides has additional information.
There are several reports and incidents that illustrate these potential risks. For example, the EPA has approximately 20 Florida Superfund sites that have pesticides listed as a contaminant of concern (search "Florida" and "Pesticides" for Contaminants of Concern on www.epa.gov). And, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has reported several fatality cases linked to employee pesticide exposure since 1988 (query keyword "pesticide" for fatalities on www.osha.gov). A farm tractor fire in north central Florida involving pesticides sickened some of the volunteer firefighters who put out the blaze. In a very sad case, an Iowa boy died in 1994 after eating tablets that he thought were candy but instead turned out to be the pesticide Lindane. The boy had been rummaging around in an outdoor collection bin used by a local charity. These tragic occurrences demonstrate the importance of proper pesticide management and disposal.
The Florida Department of Environmental Protection is the state’s lead agency for environmental management and stewardship – protecting our air, water and land. The vision of the Florida Department of Environmental Protection is to create strong community partnerships, safeguard Florida’s natural resources and enhance its ecosystems.