Waste-to-Energy (WTE) facilities combust municipal solid waste (MSW) to produce electrical energy. Florida has grown from having one small WTE plant in 1982 to 11 operating WTE facilities as of 2022. Florida has established the largest capacity to burn MSW of any state in the country. Standards for the handling, processing, disposal and recycling of MSW combustor ash are contained in Chapter 62-702, Florida Administrative Code. Ash is required to be disposed in a lined MSW landfill or a lined ash monofill, since an Environmental Protection Agency study showed that ash from WTE facilities should not be classified as hazardous waste.
The Florida Department of Environmental Protection is the state’s lead agency for environmental management and stewardship – protecting our air, water and land. The vision of the Florida Department of Environmental Protection is to create strong community partnerships, safeguard Florida’s natural resources and enhance its ecosystems.