Florida has unique origins. What would become the basement rocks of Florida were once part of other continents. Most of Florida's geological history occurred under the ocean, which explains why our entire state has hundreds of feet of limestone beneath it! The sands and clays at land surface were deposited as the Appalachian Mountain belt eroded over millions of years.
Florida has over 100 unique formations. The following are select formations that can be found in the state. Visit our page about Florida's Rocks and Minerals for more information about individual components, or take a visual tour of Florida’s tectonic and depositional history through geologic time long before the Atlantic Ocean existed with our ESRI Story Map of Florida's Geologic History.
The Florida Department of Environmental Protection is the state’s lead agency for environmental management and stewardship – protecting our air, water and land. The vision of the Florida Department of Environmental Protection is to create strong community partnerships, safeguard Florida’s natural resources and enhance its ecosystems.