For the Division of State Lands' purposes, uplands are defined as those lands above the mean high water line (or ordinary high water line), title to which is vested in the Board of Trustees of the Internal Improvement Trust Fund of the State of Florida. The Board of Trustees has ownership of over 3.3 million acres of upland property. State-owned uplands are managed for a variety of uses including parks, forests, wildlife management areas, historic sites, educational facilities (including public universities) and correctional institutions.
Sovereignty submerged lands include, but are not limited to, tidal lands, islands, sandbars, shallow banks and lands waterward of the ordinary or mean high water line, beneath navigable fresh water or beneath tidally influenced waters.
The state of Florida acquired title to sovereignty submerged lands on March 3, 1845, by virtue of statehood. Sovereignty submerged lands include all submerged lands, title to which is held by the Board of Trustees (Governor and Cabinet) of the Internal Improvement Trust Fund.
The Florida Department of Environmental Protection is the state’s lead agency for environmental management and stewardship – protecting our air, water and land. The vision of the Florida Department of Environmental Protection is to create strong community partnerships, safeguard Florida’s natural resources and enhance its ecosystems.