Coral reefs in Southeast Florida are facing a variety of local and global stressors, including (but not limited to), poor water quality, pollution, coastal development, climate change, and incompatible fishing and diving practices. Resilience is defined as the ability of a system to maintain key functions in the face of such stressors or pressures by either withstanding an impact or recovering from one when it happens (Holling, 1973 and Nystrom & Folke, 2001). Coral reef resilience is ultimately about coral reef health. For a reef community to be resilient, it must also be able to survive, reproduce, and compete for space and resources. Healthy reefs can better cope with and recover from major stress events like storms, mass bleaching events, and coral disease outbreaks. Indicators of a healthy reef include: strong recruitment, high biodiversity, healthy herbivore biomass, low disease prevalence, and low anthropogenic impacts.
With multiple stressors, it is critical to make decisions based on sound science and engage all stakeholders early and often. All stressors need to be continually mitigated to effectively manage for long-term resilience in a changing climate.
The Reef Resilience Focus Area was officially designated by the Southeast Florida Coral Reef Initiative Team in 2017 to address two main issues: (1) lack of information needed to manage for resilience and (2) public awareness of the importance of reef resilience. Part of planning for resilience includes understanding the spatial variation of local and global stressors, identifying which actions may be effective against those stressors, and deciding where to implement priority actions to restore ecosystem services and maximize resilience potential.
Projects were identified to help promote greater understanding of the impacts of land-based sources of pollution, coral disease, climate change, bleaching, and other local and global threats to coral reefs and associated systems in Southeast Florida to help managers improve reef resilience through restoration and other priority management activities. As “resilience” is used more frequently in resource management, this concept also needs to be incorporated into all messaging and outreach to help raise awareness and understanding. See links to select products below, and click here for all Reef Resilience project products.
Holling, C.S. 1973. Resilience and Stability in Ecological Systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 4: 1-23. Nystrom, M. and C. Folke. 2001. Spatial Resilience of Coral Reefs. Ecosystems 4: 406-417.
February 11, 2021 - 11:08am
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The Florida Department of Environmental Protection is the state’s lead agency for environmental management and stewardship – protecting our air, water and land. The vision of the Florida Department of Environmental Protection is to create strong community partnerships, safeguard Florida’s natural resources and enhance its ecosystems.