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SOP - 1. Introduction

Inland Protection Trust Fund

The Inland Protection Trust Fund (IPTF) was created by the Legislature in 1986 to enable the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) to respond to incidents of contamination without delay. This trust fund is the source of the majority of the state’s petroleum restoration funding. The IPTF is funded by an excise tax on every barrel of petroleum or petroleum product produced in or imported into the state. The tax is tiered based upon the amount of unencumbered cash in the fund. At its top tier of $0.80 per barrel, the tax generates over $200 million a year. See Subsection 206.9935(3), Florida Statutes (F.S.), for more information on the TAX FOR INLAND PROTECTION.

Facilities, Sites and Discharges

These three terms have special meanings when used in the Petroleum Restoration Program. Proper use of these terms greatly enhances program understanding. The definitions are:

  • Facility - "Facility" means a nonresidential location containing, or that contained, any underground stationary tank or tanks which contain hazardous substances or pollutants and have individual storage capacities greater than 110 gallons, or any aboveground stationary tank or tanks that contain pollutants which are liquids at standard ambient temperature and pressure and have individual storage capacities greater than 550 gallons. This subsection shall not apply to facilities covered by Chapter 377, or containers storing solid or gaseous pollutants, and agricultural tanks having storage capacities of less than 550 gallons. See Subsection 376.301, F.S. for more information. In other words, the Facility is the location where the storage system is or was.
  • Site - "Petroleum contamination site" means any contiguous land, sediment, surface water or groundwater area upon or into which a discharge of petroleum or petroleum products has occurred or for which evidence exists that such a discharge has occurred [Subsection 62-780.200, F.A.C.]. In other words, the Site is the full extent of the contamination, regardless of property boundaries.
  • Discharge - "Discharge" includes, but is not limited to, any spilling, leaking, seeping, pouring, misapplying, emitting, emptying, releasing or dumping of any pollutant or hazardous substance that occurs and which affects lands and the surface and groundwaters of the state not regulated by ss. 376.011-376.21 [Subsection 376.301(13), F.S.]. In other words, the Discharge is the actual release of contaminants into the environment. One facility can have multiple discharges, and eligibility is assigned at the discharge level but applies to the site.

Eligibility and Funding Assistance

There are six possible ways that petroleum contamination associated with a discharge at a facility can qualify for state funding assistance under the Petroleum Restoration Program (PRP) and a facility may qualify for more than one. There are five eligibility programs established by statute: Early Detection Incentive Program (EDI), Petroleum Liability and Restoration Insurance Program (PLRIP), Abandoned Tank Restoration Program (ATRP), Innocent Victim Petroleum Storage System Restoration Program (IVPSSRP) and Petroleum Cleanup Participation Program (PCPP). In addition, restoration funding may be authorized by a District Consent Order based on demonstrated inability to pay (subject to possible cost recovery).

It is important to review the actual Eligibility Order, Consent Order, PCPP Cost Share Agreement, Advanced Cleanup Agreement and/or Site Rehabilitation Funding Allocation Agreement, as applicable, because they may include site specific details on certain areas of the site, contaminants, sources of contamination, cost shares that may apply.

Once a discharge has been determined eligible or is otherwise authorized for funding assistance, it is generally addressed in priority score order within available budget, with a few exceptions. (See SOP - 4. Site Priority Score and Priority Score Order for further details). There are a number of statutory provisions that authorize assessment and/or restoration work out of priority score order, including Advanced Cleanup (AC), Low Scored Assessment (LSA), Low Scored Site Initiative (LSSI), Innovative Technology Initiative (ITECH), Site Rehabilitation Funding Allocation (SRFA), Free Product Recovery Initiative (FPRI), Vulnerable Spring Watersheds, Imminent Threat status (IT), and Direct Appropriations.

The brief program descriptions and Table 1 - Program Eligibility Summary (please see below) summarize the most important of these points but this information is by no means everything you need to know. In particular, you will need to verify the amount of the PLRIP deductible and the CAPs on coverage for PLRIP, AC (when applicable), and PCPP discharges. Also, the ending dates for the programs may be changed by the Legislature.

If a discharge occurred or was discovered after December 31, 1998, at a facility that already has an eligible discharge, then DEP may enter into a “Site Rehabilitation Funding Allocation Agreement” with the responsible party. This agreement establishes the relative cost shares for the combined cleanup of the discharges. Please visit the Site Rehabilitation Funding Allocation (SRFA) page.

Program Eligibility & Funding Authorization

Generally, cleanup program funding eligibility is assigned to the discharge and remains with the discharge regardless of changes in real property or storage tank ownership. However, DEP looks first to the current real property owner for payment of any required deductible or co-payment and for the completion of cleanup once state funding is exhausted. Sometimes a previous owner or operator is also responsible for the cleanup and, likewise, deductibles or cost shares. In these cases, documentation of a prior owner’s/operator’s responsibility (typically such responsibility is addressed in the contract for sale of the storage tanks or the real property) should be provided to DEP after which DEP will look first to that party (hereinafter referred to as the “responsible party”) for fulfillment of all eligibility requirements. A Consent Order is generally not transferable to a new real property owner because this specific legal agreement is only with the party named within the Consent Order.


Return to: PRP Site Manager Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) webpage.

Return to: SOP Site Manager Guide page.

Last Modified:
May 23, 2023 - 9:23am

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